Summary for Caviphantes saxetorum (Araneae)
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About this speciesRecorded altitude range
15m to 140m
The species has been recorded from Wales, scattered localities in Scotland, the River Lune in Lancashire, and from Haltwhistle and the confluence of the rivers East and West Allen in Northumberland. It may be fairly widespread on upland rivers with sand and shingle bars.
Habitat and ecology
Upland rivers. C. saxetorum occurs under stones and boulders on sandy banks of rivers. There is some evidence that it may live in cavities under deeply embedded boulders in winter, and under smaller stones in drier surroundings in summer. Adults of both sexes have been found in March, June and September, a female also in July. It may be adult throughout the year.
Recorded from six hectads since 1992, though showing a decline of two thirds in hectads with spider records both before and after that date (12 to four). Despite the unusual habitat, the paucity of recent records suggests a significant decline.
None currently known although the 'tidying up' of river banks might represent a potential threat.
Management and conservation
Ensure that riverine shingle sites are protected from unnecessary disturbance, and that natural braiding and flooding is allowed on suitable rivers.
Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.). References
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