Summary for Coelotes terrestris (Araneae)

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National Distribution

 
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Coelotes terrestris Copyright: Peter Harvey
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Coelotes terrestris
Authority: (Wider, 1834)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Amaurobiidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC

Records: 520
First Record: 1906
Latest Record: 2017

1992-on hectads: 96
Pre-1992 hectads: 59
Total hectads: 122

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
6m to 700m

Species text

Distribution
The species is almost confined to south-east and south-central England, south of a line from the Severn to the Thames estuaries. Old records from Yorkshire and Berwickshire are doubtful and probably result from confusion with the much commoner C. atropos. C. terrestris is widespread in north-western and central Europe as far north as Denmark. It has not been recorded from Ireland.

Habitat and ecology
Woodland and scrub. C. terrestris occurs mainly in woodland, under fallen logs, among litter at the bases of trees, also sometimes in mossy banks, or mature heathland with some scrub. Males are adult in autumn and spring, females probably for most of the year. The eggs are laid in the female's silken tube. When the young hatch they feed on the mother's prey until early winter, when the mother dies and the young feed on her remains before dispersing in the spring.

Status
Widespread, recorded from 49 hectads post 1992, but rather local and never abundant within its restricted range. No evidence of decline.

Threats
The loss of semi-natural woodland to intensive forestry, and the loss of mature heathland. The removal of fallen logs and dead wood.

Management and conservation
Retain fallen logs and dead wood in woodlands, and retain some areas of mature heathland scrub.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 215 records with adult season information)


Habitats

background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 157 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 2 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 145 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 143 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Coelotes terrestris

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Coelotes terrestris

Images

Coelotes terrestris
Coelotes terrestris
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