Summary for Enoplognatha latimana (Araneae)

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National Distribution

 
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Enoplognatha latimana female Copyright: Peter Harvey
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Enoplognatha latimana
Authority: Hippa & Oksala, 1982
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Theridiidae
IUCN status: LC

Records: 1503
First Record: 1979
Latest Record: 2017

1992-on hectads: 240
Pre-1992 hectads: 53
Total hectads: 253

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 213m

Species text

Distribution
In western and southern Britain E. latimana is mainly restricted to coastal habitats though its range also extends inland, especially in the east. The most northerly populations known are on the Ainsdale sand dunes in Lancashire. E. latimana has not been recorded from Ireland. In Europe the species does not range as far north as the very closely related E. ovata but extends further south, even into north Africa, and from the Atlantic coast across into central southern Russia (Oxford & Reillo 1994). Like E. ovata, E. latimana has been introduced into North America, but except for one record from south-eastern Canada, is more or less restricted to the western seaboard of the northern United States and southern Canada (Oxford & Reillo 1994).

Habitat and ecology
In Britain E. latimana occupies the more open, drier and sunnier end of the habitat spectrum utilised by E. ovata. The reasons for the species' apparent association with coastal habitats in western and southern Britain, but not in eastern England or elsewhere in continental Europe are not clear. On the Continent, E. latimana and E. ovata are found together more frequently than they are found separately (Oxford & Reillo 1993). Perhaps the warmer and drier climate of continental Europe allows the species to co-exist in a wider variety of habitats. The life history of E. latimana is similar to that of E. ovata but with maturity occurring a few weeks later (Snazell 1983; Oxford 1992), adults of both sexes occurring mostly in July and August. This species exhibits similar colour polymorphism to its sister species (q.v.) (Oxford 1992) but whereas the lineata and redimita forms are found in virtually all populations, few individuals of the ovata form have ever been recorded.

Status
Usually an abundant species wherever it occurs.

Original author of profile: G. Oxford.

Text based on Harvey, P.R., Nellist, D.R. & Telfer, M.G. (eds) 2002. Provisional atlas of British spiders (Arachnida, Araneae), Volumes 1 & 2. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre.  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 1046 records with adult season information)


Habitats

background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 628 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 34 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 544 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 602 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Enoplognatha latimana

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Enoplognatha latimana

Images

Enoplognatha latimana female
Enoplognatha latimana female
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