Summary for Meioneta gulosa (Araneae)
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About this speciesRecorded altitude range
15m to 1068m
The species is widely distributed north of a line between Breconshire and Yorkshire. M. gulosa has a Palaearctic distribution (Platnick 1998) and has been recorded from the Alps, Tyrol, Pyrenees, Corsica and Norway (Goodier 1967), as well as Sweden, Finland and Poland.
Habitat and ecology
This spider is found beneath rocks in open, upland areas. On mountain felsenmeers, numerous specimens may be found ballooning together in fine weather. This aerial dispersal probably accounts for many of the lowland records. M. gulosa has also been found amongst shingle at the side of upland streams (Nant Ffrancon valley, Snowdonia, 220 m) and at low altitudes in Scotland under seaweed on coastal shingle and inland on a grassy bank (I. Dawson, pers. comm.). Mature specimens of both sexes have been recorded between May and August.
The species is very local and scarce.
In some areas recreational pressure associated with skiing may be a threat but in the longer term, climate change may adversely affect this, and other montane species.
Management and conservation
Ensure that upland vegetation is protected from further damage due to excessive recreational pressure.
Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.). References
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