Summary for Mitostoma chrysomelas (Opiliones)

previous species | next species

National Distribution

 
Logged-on? click on dot to query records. Please note our
Terms of Use. Double-click on map to go to region

View time series maps for Mitostoma chrysomelas
Mitostoma chrysomelas Female Copyright: Paul Richards
Identification difficulty rating: 2
Name: Mitostoma chrysomelas
Authority: (Hermann, 1804)
Order: Arachnida: Opiliones
Family: Nemastomatidae

Records: 874
First Record: 1878
Latest Record: 2017

1992-on hectads: 170
Pre-1992 hectads: 340
Total hectads: 473

Explore Regional Distribution

Please log on and add a note on this species

Missing records?

log-on to access spider taxon report


 
 
Please report any problems with this record:
VC error
GR error
Taxon ID suspect
Structural habitat suspect
Other problems, please explain here:


 

About this species

Recorded altitude range
5m to 700m

Species text

Distribution
Bradford, in west Yorkshire, was the first recorded British location for this species (Meade 1855). It is almost as widespread as Nemastoma bimaculatum, extending to Shetland, Fair Isle and the Western Isles (but not to Orkney or Lewis), but is much less frequently found and probably under-recorded because of its sombre colour, retiring habits and reluctance to move.

Mitostoma chrysomelas is present across much of Europe including Ireland, France, Italy, Poland, the Balkans, Romania, Bulgaria and Scandinavia.

Habitat and ecology
This is probably the most troglodytic of the British harvestmen, frequently occurring in subterranean cavities but also more generally below stones and logs and in moss, vegetation and litter. It is recorded from the coast to mountain tops, to at least 700m in Britain and 2000m in the Tatra Mountains. It has most frequently been recorded in woodland and grassland, but also occurs in wetland habitats. Its modest chelicerae limit the size of invertebrate prey it can tackle, and the presence of sticky, capitate setae on its palps suggests it may specialise in springtails and other hard-to-catch small invertebrates.

Adults and juveniles are present throughout the year. They are eurychronous i.e. egg laying is not restricted to one period of the year and generations will therefore overlap. Data on lifespan appears to be lacking but this species is not considered to be long-lived.

Status
Widespread.

Text based on: Hillyard, P. D. 2005. Harvestmen: keys and notes for the identification of British species. Synopses of the British Fauna 4 (3rd edn). Field Studies Council, Shrewsbury.

Reference

Meade R. H. 1855. XXXV. Monograph on the British species of Phalangiidae or Harvestmen. Annals & Magazine of Natural History 2nd Series 15(90): 393-416.

 References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 88 records with adult season information)


Habitats

background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 297 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 28 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 135 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 153 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Mitostoma chrysomelas

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Mitostoma chrysomelas

Images

Mitostoma chrysomelas Female
Mitostoma chrysomelas Female
please log on and upload a new image for this species

See also A-Z Species Index - A-Z Picture Index - previous species | next species