Summary for Pardosa proxima (Araneae)

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National Distribution

 
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Pardosa proxima male Copyright: Evan Jones
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Pardosa proxima
Authority: (C.L.Koch, 1847)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Lycosidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC

Records: 452
First Record: 1886
Latest Record: 2017

1992-on hectads: 94
Pre-1992 hectads: 71
Total hectads: 144

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 366m

Species text

Distribution
Most records of this species are from southern England and Wales but there are scattered records as far north as south-west Scotland. It is widespread in western and central Europe but the species is not recorded from Scandinavia or Ireland.

Habitat and ecology
P. proxima can be found in a variety of sparsely vegetated habitats but typically occurs in moist and marshy places. The species is most likely to be found at coastal sites including earthy cliffs, saltmarsh, dune slacks and in streamside habitats including exposed riverine sediments. P. proxima has also been recorded from lowland heaths and gardens. Although this information is compiled from some quite recent records it is worth noting that the Rev. Octavius Pickard-Cambridge noted the species was present in his garden but he found it in abundance on the swampy flats at Studland 'whence the winters floods had retired' (Pickard-Cambridge 1879-81). Adults are found in spring and summer with males occurring from April to June and females occasionally persisting into August.

Status
Very local and often in small numbers, though the spider can be abundant in some habitats.

Threats
The loss of open habitats to seral succession is probably the most important threat.

Management and conservation
Where not already a natural feature of the habitat such as on cliffs, landslips and riverine situations, small scale rotational disturbance and and the retention or creation of topographical variation to provide seasonally wet habitats are likely to benefit this species.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 209 records with adult season information)


Habitats

background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 162 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 6 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 134 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 138 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Pardosa proxima

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Pardosa proxima

Images

P proxima female 2
P proxima female 2
P. proxima female
P. proxima female
Pardosa proxima male
Pardosa proxima male
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