Summary for Porrhomma egeria (Araneae)

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National Distribution

 
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Porrhomma egeria Copyright: Matt Prince
Identification difficulty rating: 4
Name: Porrhomma egeria
Authority: Simon, 1884
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Linyphiidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC

Records: 85
First Record: 1894
Latest Record: 2015

1992-on hectads: 17
Pre-1992 hectads: 37
Total hectads: 50

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
30m to 640m

Species text

Distribution
The species has a widespread but very scattered distribution in Britain. It is fairly widespread in north-western and central Europe, but has not been recorded from Denmark, Norway or Hungary.

Habitat and ecology
This spider said to be predominately a cavernicolous species, often exploiting the deeper parts of the cave system (e.g. Ružicka 1996). Outside of the cave habitat, P. egeria has been found down mines, amongst stony debris within moss and occasionally in cellars. However in Britain recorded habitats are varied, with the spider probably occurring in smaller cavities within these. Gradual eye reduction has been observed in this species which is dependent on the distance from the cave entrance (Sanocka (1982), cited in Ružicka (1996)). Never occurring in any numbers, its ecology and phenology still remain something of a mystery, although it is known to use a web for prey capture and has been recorded in several months between February and September.

Status
The species has been recorded from ten locations since 1992. Although its specialised habitat may have resulted in some under-recording, this species appears to have suffered a significant long-term decline of 70%.

Threats
Some cave systems in which it occurs may be threatened by quarrying.

Management and conservation
Although more information on this species' micro-habitat requirements and ecology in Britain is needed, destruction or disturbance of caves or abandoned mines where it occurs should be strictly avoided.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 13 records with adult season information)


Habitats

background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 22 records with habitat information)

no subhabitat data available

Structural Habitat Data (based on 6 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 8 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Porrhomma egeria

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Porrhomma egeria

Images

Porrhomma egeria
Porrhomma egeria
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