Summary for Psilochorus simoni (Araneae)

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National Distribution

 
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Long-legged Cellar Spider (Psilochorus simoni) Copyright: Katy Everson
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Psilochorus simoni
Authority: (Berland, 1911)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Pholcidae
IUCN status: LC

Records: 60
First Record: 1928
Latest Record: 2017

1992-on hectads: 12
Pre-1992 hectads: 24
Total hectads: 36

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
1m to 190m

Species text

Distribution
The species is widespread but very scattered in Britain. The species is widespread in western Europe.

Habitat and ecology
Most early records were from dry wine cellars, but it is now recorded in other indoor situations (Merrett 1979), usually found close to floor level. The female hangs upside down in a tangled sheet web and gyrates very rapidly if disturbed. She carries the bundle of eggs in her chelicerae, loosely surrounded by silk threads, until they hatch. Adults may be found at all seasons and in Europe it has been observed that males may live for two years and females for three to four years (Bristowe 1958).

Status
This species is found infrequently in England and Wales, and there are few records from Scotland. It is thought to be of American origin, imported first into France and then into Britain on wine bottles.

Original author of profile: D.R. Nellist

Text based on Harvey, P.R., Nellist, D.R. & Telfer, M.G. (eds) 2002. Provisional atlas of British spiders (Arachnida, Araneae), Volumes 1 & 2. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre.  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 17 records with adult season information)


Habitats

background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 23 records with habitat information)

no subhabitat data available

Structural Habitat Data (based on 1 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 3 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Psilochorus simoni

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Psilochorus simoni

Images

Long-legged Cellar Spider side view (Psilochorus simoni)
Long-legged Cellar Spider side view (Psilochorus simoni)
Long-legged Cellar Spider (Psilochorus simoni)
Long-legged Cellar Spider (Psilochorus simoni)
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