Summary for Sitticus saltator (Araneae)
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About this speciesRecorded altitude range
0m to 61m
The species is confined to England and Wales, mostly on the coast. It is widespread but uncommon in western and central Europe, and has not been recorded from Ireland.
Habitat and ecology
S. saltator occurs in sandy places, mainly on coastal sand dunes on open sand in sunshine, where it is well camouflaged and can leap considerable distances. It is sometimes found on sandy heaths inland, where it tends to live in open sandy areas rather like Ozyptila scabricula. Adults of both sexes have been found from spring to autumn, but mostly in May, June and July and with perhaps a second smaller peak in the autumn.
The spider is widespread, but infrequent and local on sand dunes. It is scarce on heathland, except for a few places in the Breckland. Its apparent scarcity may be partly accounted for by under-recording due to its small size and camouflage.
The loss of sandy heathland to afforestation and development loss of open ground due to succession Public pressure at some coastal sites may also be a threat.
Management and conservation
Rotational management for the maintenance of open bare ground on heathland.
Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.). References