Summary for Tegenaria ferruginea (Araneae)
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About this speciesRecorded altitude range
The only record of this species in Britain to date, is from Elvington, a village about 9 km south-east of York, Yorkshire (Oxford 1999). Here there is a thriving population centred on the church and churchyard, but with little sign of spread since its discovery in 1998 (last survey, May 2000). The origin of the Elvington population is unknown. The species is widespread in mainland Europe (Maurer 1992; Oxford & Merrett 2000), although it is commoner in the south (Roberts 1995).
Habitat and ecology
The species frequents holes and crevices in banks and tree trunks, and in barns and derelict buildings (Roberts 1995). In Elvington it has been taken from thick ivy at the base of a hedgerow, a wooden fence, tree crevices and on the outside wall of the church. It does not appear to require a hole or crevice as a retreat; in the church windows it builds a triangular sheet web, similar to that of T. domestica, with a perfectly cylindrical silken retreat. Males are said to mature in summer, whereas mature females are present all year (Roberts 1995).
Although Elvington is the only known location in Britain, T. ferruginea is superficially similar to our native T. parietina and may in the past have been overlooked as a result of confusion with this species. Distinguishing features of the two are described by Roberts (1995) and Oxford & Merrett (2000). There seems no obvious reason why T. ferruginea should not further colonise this country.Original author of profile: G. Oxford.
Text based on Harvey, P.R., Nellist, D.R. & Telfer, M.G. (eds) 2002. Provisional atlas of British spiders (Arachnida, Araneae), Volumes 1 & 2. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre. References
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