Summary for Araneus alsine (Araneae)

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National Distribution

 
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Female beneath retreat Copyright: Evan Jones
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Araneus alsine
Authority: (Walckenaer, 1802)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Araneidae
National status: Nb

Records: 115
First Record: 1892
Latest Record: 2016

1992-on hectads: 29
Pre-1992 hectads: 15
Total hectads: 38

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
14m to 300m

Species text

Distribution
Very local, but there are two areas of occurrence: the southern half of England and Wales from where there are few recent records, and more recently Inverness-shire and Perthshire in central Scotland. It is widespread in north-western and central Europe, but has not been recorded from Ireland.

Habitat and ecology
Damp deciduous woodland in the south, well vegetated bog in the north. A. alsine is usually found on grasses and other low vegetation in damp, sheltered woodland clearings, or in stands of Bog Myrtle Myrica gale. The spider spins its web in this low herbage, and occupies a small conical retreat, consisting of silk and one or two curled, dry leaves, at the top of the web. Even though the spider is of a conspicuous orange to deep red colour it is often overlooked in its habitat. Females are adult from June to October whilst mature males are generally found in June and July.

Status
The species is widespread but very local. It has been discovered recently in several new sites in Scotland, and this unobtrusive spider may prove to be more widespread, especially in the north.

Threats
The loss of damp semi-natural woodland habitat to intensive forestry practice, and lack of suitable management to maintain its particular habitat within the woodland structure. Drainage of bogs.

Management and conservation
Maintenance of existing sheltered clearings and their associated ground layer within established woodland where the spider is found, particularly where there is some moisture in the ground, would be of benefit. Creation of new clearings on a similar basis would possibly encourage the extension of the spider's presence within its current lowland sites.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 44 records with adult season information)


Habitats

background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 53 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 19 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 40 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 47 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Araneus alsine

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Araneus alsine

Images

Spider wrapping a Long Winged Cone-head
Spider wrapping a Long Winged Cone-head
Spider in retreat with foot on line to web hub
Spider in retreat with foot on line to web hub
Female beneath retreat
Female beneath retreat
Araneus alsine female on outside of retreat
Araneus alsine female on outside of retreat
Araneus alsine
Araneus alsine
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