Summary for Haplodrassus silvestris (Araneae)
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About this speciesRecorded altitude range
20m to 700m
The species has been recorded from the south coast of England to Perthshire, but is widely scattered except in the south-east. The species is widespread in northern and central Europe.
Habitat and ecology
The spider is found in woodland, amongst litter, under bark, stones, etc. In Essex it appears to be confined to woodlands on sandy soils, occurring in chestnut coppice or other broad-leaved woodland, or nearby heathland and grassland areas. Adults occur in spring, summer and autumn, perhaps mainly during early to mid-summer.
Local and apparently never numerous, the species appears to have undergone a long term decline.
The loss of broad-leaved woodland and clearance of dead wood. The loss of open areas in woodland through neglect and the cessation of coppicing. The intensive coniferisation of broad-leaved woods may destroy suitable habitat.
Management and conservation
Maintain broad-leaved and coppice woodland. Retain any dead wood and ground cover.
Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.). References