Summary for Parapelecopsis nemoralioides (Araneae)

previous species | next species

National Distribution

Logged-on? click on dot to query records. Please note our
Terms of Use. Double-click on map to go to region

View time series maps for Parapelecopsis nemoralioides
Identification difficulty rating: 4
Name: Parapelecopsis nemoralioides
Authority: (O.P.-Cambridge, 1884)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Linyphiidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC
Watching Brief: Amber

Records: 569
First Record: 1896
Latest Record: 2022

1992-on hectads: 74
Pre-1992 hectads: 62
Total hectads: 112

Explore Regional Distribution

Please log on and add a note on this species

Missing records?

Please report any problems with this record:
VC error
GR error
Taxon ID suspect
Structural habitat suspect
Other problems, please explain here:


About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 224m

Species text

Almost entirely a coastal species which it is widely distributed on sand dunes in southern Britain, and also with definite records from Argyll, Fife, Ross and Sutherland in Scotland. Roberts (1985) included P. nemoralioides (as P. mediocris and P. locketi) in P. nemoralis though it has been treated as distinct from P. nemoralis in Merrett et al. (1985), Merrett & Millidge (1992) and Merrett & Murphy (2000). This presented problems in the mapping of records submitted to the recording scheme and a decision was made to map coastal records of P. nemoralis as P. nemoralioides in the provisional atlas (Harvey et al., 2000), but the map is bound to present problems in interpretation, especially in the north where it is uncertain whether the same ecological distinction is valid. The species is widespread in north-western Europe as far north as Denmark.

Habitat and ecology
P. nemoralioides is typically found in sandy habitats, particularly coastal sand dunes, amongst marram and other grasses. It has also occurred in steep south-facing chalk grassland in West Kent and on shingle. Both sexes are adult between September and May, but females have been recorded in all months of the year.

Scarce, but the spider may be frequent where it occurs. There is evidence of a long term and substantial decline, which needs clarification. P. nemoralioides is recognised as a senior synonym of P. mediocris (Kulczynski 1899) and P. locketi Cooke 1967 by Wunderlich (1985). Females of these taxa could not be separated by consideration of epigynes or vulvae and males were distinguishable only by a difference in the shape of the cephalic lobes.

Damage to sand dunes from recreational pressures, particularly that associated with the use of off-road vehicles, may represent a threat at some sites.

Management and conservation
Limit damage to sand dunes resulting from recreational use.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 263 records with adult season information)


background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 165 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 1 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 227 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 256 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Parapelecopsis nemoralioides

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Parapelecopsis nemoralioides


sorry, no pictures available for this species yet - if you have an image please log on and upload it

See also A-Z Species Index - A-Z Picture Index - previous species | next species