Summary for Phrurolithus minimus (Araneae)

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National Distribution

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Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Phrurolithus minimus
Authority: C.L.Koch, 1839
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Phrurolithidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC

Records: 183
First Record: 1900
Latest Record: 2022

1992-on hectads: 20
Pre-1992 hectads: 12
Total hectads: 27

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 700m

Species text

The species is largely confined to the south of England mainly in the south-east. There is one record from Staffordshire and a recent record from Cumbria. It is fairly widespread in north-western and central Europe, but has not been recorded from Ireland and is scarce in Scandinavia.

Habitat and ecology
P. minimus occurs in grassland, mainly on chalk, usually in stony, sparsely vegetated areas, but it has also been found in open woodland areas on sand, in dry litter at the edge of woodland rides and coppice areas. It is found under stones or running in sunshine. Adult males are found mainly from late spring to mid-summer, females from May to August.

The spider is very local, with most records from the North Downs area and the Isle of Wight. It is absent from many apparently suitable chalk grassland areas. However, the recent record from Cumbria suggests it might have been overlooked further north, perhaps due to its small size and similarity to the commoner P. festivus.

The loss of chalk grassland to agriculture, and loss of sparsely vegetated areas by reduction of grazing.

Management and conservation
Possibly maintain open stony areas by grazing, but it may occur mainly in areas that would remain sparsely vegetated anyway because of lack of soil.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 119 records with adult season information)


background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 36 records with habitat information)

no subhabitat data available

Structural Habitat Data (based on 85 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 83 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Phrurolithus minimus

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Phrurolithus minimus


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