Summary for Scotina celans (Araneae)

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National Distribution

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Scotina celans male Copyright: Tylan Berry
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Scotina celans
Authority: (Blackwall, 1841)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Liocranidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC

Records: 685
First Record: 1861
Latest Record: 2023

1992-on hectads: 107
Pre-1992 hectads: 64
Total hectads: 144

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
3m to 350m

Species text

The species is widespread in parts of southern England, but very scattered in the west and further north as far as central Scotland. It is widespread in western and central Europe and as far east as Russia, but has not been recorded from Denmark and is on the Red List in Sweden (Gärdenfors 2000).

Habitat and ecology
The spider occurs in moss and detritus in woodland and also on heathland. In this latter habitat it has been shown that this species prefers more heavily vegetated, damp areas rather than the dry more open vegetation preferred by S. gracilipes (Snazell 1982). Generally it is much scarcer on heathland than S. gracilipes, but commoner in moss mixed with pine litter. Females may be found throughout the year and males in late summer, autumn and January. In a study on Porton Down in Wiltshire the month of peak activity was found to be November (Coleman 1977). Our data show a peak of both sexes in late summer and autumn.

Although it is rather uncommon the spider is found more frequently in the south. It may have been confused with S. palliardii as distinguishing these two species has caused problems in the past (Locket et al. 1974).

Clearing of ancient woodland and heathland remain potential threats as does drainage of damp areas on heaths.

Management and conservation
Prevent destruction of potential heathland and woodland sites and ensure adequate water supply in damp areas on heathland.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 353 records with adult season information)


background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 287 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 10 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 204 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 266 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Scotina celans

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Scotina celans


Scotina celans (male)
Scotina celans (male)
Scotina celans (female)
Scotina celans (female)
Scotina celans male
Scotina celans male
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