Summary for Xerolycosa miniata (Araneae)

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National Distribution

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Xerolycosa miniata sub adult male Copyright: Tone Killick
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Xerolycosa miniata
Authority: (C.L.Koch, 1834)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Lycosidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC

Records: 670
First Record: 1878
Latest Record: 2022

1992-on hectads: 70
Pre-1992 hectads: 58
Total hectads: 97

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 180m

Species text

X. miniata is widespread on the coast of Britain as far north as eastern central Scotland, but is absent from some apparently suitable areas. It is widespread in western and central Europe, but has not been recorded from Ireland.

Habitat and ecology
This lycosid spider is essentially restricted to coastal sand dunes where it favours fixed dunes. In this habitat specimens can often be found in association with areas of sand adjacent to clumps of restharrow. X. miniata has also been found inhabiting rocky, sparsely vegetated terrain at a coastal Flintshire site (Felton 1995). Adults of both sexes have been recorded in summer. Females have been observed carrying young on their abdomens in July.

Locally common in its dune habitat but has apparently declined in the past 20 years.

Public pressure on sand dunes has increased significantly in recent years and may pose a threat to this species. The use of off-road vehicles on sand dunes can cause serious erosion and degradation, particularly to dune heath where this species is most common.

Management and conservation
Protect dune systems form excessive public pressure, particularly the use of off-road vehicles.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 279 records with adult season information)


background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 277 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 26 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 188 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 174 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Xerolycosa miniata

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Xerolycosa miniata


Xerolycosa miniata female with sac
Xerolycosa miniata female with sac
Xerolycosa miniata  adult male
Xerolycosa miniata adult male
Xerolycosa miniata sub adult female
Xerolycosa miniata sub adult female
Xerolycosa miniata sub adult male
Xerolycosa miniata sub adult male
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