Summary for Zelotes electus (Araneae)

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National Distribution

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Zelotes electus Copyright: Evan Jones
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Zelotes electus
Authority: (C.L.Koch, 1839)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Gnaphosidae
National Rarity status: NS
IUCN status: LC

Records: 749
First Record: 1895
Latest Record: 2023

1992-on hectads: 77
Pre-1992 hectads: 53
Total hectads: 101

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 60m

Species text

This species is largely restricted to coastal Britain, but specimens have also been collected inland on sandy Breckland in East Anglia, and on heathland in Bedfordshire containing an outlying population of the coastal and Breckland pyralid moth Synaphe punctalis (I. Dawson). It occurs in Europe and Asia even in countries without any sea coast. John Murphy has collected a specimen on an open alp at 1400 m in the Pyrenees.

Habitat and ecology
Small and much more colourful compared with other British Zelotes species. The spider is usually found when grubbing at the base of low vegetation in dunes, and even the specimens collected in the Breckland occupied a similar habitat. Adults of both sexes are found mainly from late spring to mid-summer, but occasionally into the autumn.

An uncommon species in Britain with a specialised habitat.

Although uncommon, this species does not appear to be threatened at present but erosion of dunes due to off-road vehicles could be a potential threat.

Management and conservation
Protect dune systems from excessive public pressure, particularly that due to off-road vehicles.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 373 records with adult season information)


background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 313 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 7 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 348 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 346 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Zelotes electus

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Zelotes electus


Zelotes electus (male)
Zelotes electus (male)
Zelotes electus
Zelotes electus
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