Summary for Zelotes apricorum (Araneae)

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National Distribution

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Zelotes apricorum female Copyright: Evan Jones
Identification difficulty rating: 3
Name: Zelotes apricorum
Authority: (L.Koch, 1876)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Gnaphosidae
IUCN status: LC

Records: 1484
First Record: 1858
Latest Record: 2023

1992-on hectads: 167
Pre-1992 hectads: 122
Total hectads: 234

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About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 875m

Species text

The species has a widespread but patchy and mainly western Distribution: in Britain except in the south, with few records north of south-west Scotland. Z. apricorum is very close to Z. subterraneus (the genus type) and there is increasing evidence of introgression between the two species. Typical Z. subterraneus specimens seem to be dominant in north-east Europe whilst Z. apricorum seem to be dominant in south-west Europe. The present records in Britain are more or less consistent with this conjecture. However, the overall situation remains confused due to the fact that many specimens of Z. apricorum and Z. subterraneus in European museums and in private collections have been misidentified.

Habitat and ecology
Like many Zelotes species, Z. apricorum has a preference for stony beds and quarries in both calcareous and acidic areas, but is also found in stony coastal habitats and can sometimes be found when grubbing in grassy tussocks. In common with all Zelotes species, it is agile and has an impressive turn of speed which makes its capture something of a triumph for the collector. The pink coloured egg-sacs are typically attached to the underside of a stone. The shape of the egg-sac reminds one of a small fried egg, 'sunny side up'. Adults have been recorded between March and November, but with peaks for both sexes in June and September.

Fairly common.

Original author of profile: J.A. Murphy

Text based on Harvey, P.R., Nellist, D.R. & Telfer, M.G. (eds) 2002. Provisional atlas of British spiders (Arachnida, Araneae), Volumes 1 & 2. Huntingdon: Biological Records Centre.  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 759 records with adult season information)


background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 442 records with habitat information)

Broad subhabitat Data (based on 22 records with subhabitat information)

Structural Habitat Data (based on 586 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 606 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Zelotes apricorum

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Zelotes apricorum


Zelotes apricorum female
Zelotes apricorum female
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