Summary for Zelotes longipes (Araneae)

previous species | next species

National Distribution

Logged-on? click on dot to query records. Please note our
Terms of Use. Double-click on map to go to region

View time series maps for Zelotes longipes
Identification difficulty rating: 4
Name: Zelotes longipes
Authority: (L.Koch, 1866)
Order: Arachnida: Araneae
Family: Gnaphosidae
National Rarity status: NR
IUCN status: VU, criteria: B2ab(ii)

Records: 72
First Record: 1909
Latest Record: 2015

1992-on hectads: 6
Pre-1992 hectads: 18
Total hectads: 20

Explore Regional Distribution

Please log on and add a note on this species

Missing records?

Please report any problems with this record:
VC error
GR error
Taxon ID suspect
Structural habitat suspect
Other problems, please explain here:


About this species

Recorded altitude range
0m to 80m

Species text

The species is confined to England south of a line from Norfolk to Somerset, apart from one old doubtful record from Argyll. It is widespread in western and central Europe.

Habitat and ecology
Z. longipes occurs mainly on dry heathland. It appears in the first year after fire, but reaches maximum densities between about 5 to 12 years afterwards. It is also occasionally found in dry coastal habitats, under debris on stable sandy shingle, etc. Males have been recorded from June to November, with a peak of activity in August and September. Females are probably present for most of the year, but are active mainly from April to September, with a peak in August.

The spider has been found in numbers on heathland in Dorset in the past, but is seemingly less frequent in the New Forest and on Surrey heaths and very scarce elsewhere. Since 1992 it has been collected from just two locations. However, this is a generally uncommon spider, and resurvey of the old southern heathland sites is needed. Despite this the species appears to have suffered major decline in area of occupancy from 15 hectads prior to 1992 to just two since that date.

Loss of dry heathland to agriculture, development.

Management and conservation
Maintain seral stages of heathland by rotational management. This species is able to live in a wide range of ages of heather, but is most abundant in moderately young heather.

Text based on Dawson, I.K., Harvey, P.R., Merrett, P. & Russell-Smith, A.R. (in prep.).  References

Adult Season

Adult Season Data (based on 19 records with adult season information)


background methodology

Broad Habitat Data (based on 22 records with habitat information)

no subhabitat data available

Structural Habitat Data (based on 11 records with structural habitat information)

Habitat Detail and Method (based on 11 records with habitat detail and method information)

Recorded management for locations with Zelotes longipes

Recorded substrate and hydrology for locations with Zelotes longipes


sorry, no pictures available for this species yet - if you have an image please log on and upload it

See also A-Z Species Index - A-Z Picture Index - previous species | next species